Karnak and Luxor Temple design in New Kingdom Egypt
Karnak and Luxor temples were built to a design that became common in New Kingdom Egypt. An entrance pylon of massive, twin towers was fronted by obelisks and statues. This led to an open peristyle court beyond which was a columned hypostyle hall. Finally came dimly lit chambers that included the holy inner sanctum that was dedicated to the temple god and accessible only to the pharaoh and priests.  (The head of a statue of Ramesses II and an obelisk erected by the pharaoh in front of his entrance pylon to Luxor Temple.



The temple of Luxor is one of the most famous monuments in the Middle Kingdom

Temple image
Temple 
The temple of Luxor is one of the most famous monuments built in the Middle Kingdom. It was built by King Amenhotep the Third on the eastern bank of the Nile, and is credited for its appearance in its present form. It was built to worship the god Amun Re, Ancient Pharaonic traditions urged that Egypt be ruled by a descendant of a former Pharaoh, or at least marry his son Pharaoh, who ruled Egypt. Unfortunately, Amenhotep the Third did not apply to either of the two conditions, so his faithful men and followers pointed to the creation of a large temple to glorify And the worship of the god Amun Ra, in order to assert his relation to him so that E .. and the rule of Egypt has already achieved Amenhotep III exactly what he wanted, and was able to rule Egypt.

The temple of Luxor is connected to the temple of Karnak by the way of the rams. At the entrance to the temple you will find the obelisk built by Ramses II to photograph his military achievements and victory over the enemies. Inside, you will find a room called the delivery room. In order to please the priests of Amun, Amenhotep the Third wrote inscriptions and drawings of Amun Ra, showing his bounty over life and life in general.

Karnak and Luxor Temple design in New Kingdom Egypt
Ramses II participated in the construction of this temple. He added an open courtyard to the celebration of religious ceremonies. He also built two large mosques, which bore inscriptions showing his achievements and his military campaigns against the Hittites, especially the battle of Kadesh. , And the addition of new territories in order to increase the size of its vast country, and built huge statues of him, standing between the columns, in reference to the existence of a system and law with pillars and pillars, applied to the large and small without distinction.

Karnak and Luxor Temple design in New Kingdom Egypt
Tutankhamun also created frescoes depicting his strenuous efforts to unite all the ancient Egyptians to worship one god, the god Amun Ra, and to make himself the only righteous son of Amon, calling for the idea that he was satisfied and earned his glory by glorifying his God This is the first time that one of the kings called for the idea of ​​worshiping one God. In ancient times, the idea of ​​polytheism was common among the ancient Egyptians.

It was later demolished by Ramesses III to reconstruct and decorate an important phase of the development of medieval architecture, especially in the form of a lobby and columns, which for the first time took the form of a flower Al-Baradi, in addition to the famous lotus flower .. It is noted that there was a case of intentional distortion of all his queen Queen Hatshepsut, has been attributed to some scholars of history and historians that Thutmose III is who was behind this sabotage, without mentioning anyone close to or why This historical controversy between Tnin of the most famous kings of ancient Egypt in the middle ages.

Finally, I recommend taking a tour guide on your tour inside the Luxor Temple to explain the historical dimensions of the ruins of this temple and to translate the inscriptions and papyri that illustrate how the Egyptians lived in ancient times and to refrain from taking some photographs.

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