Temples of Thebes
Temples of Thebes

The ancient city of Thebes flourished in New Kingdom Egypt. Successive pharaohs enlarged and embellished two mighty temple complexes at what we now know as Luxor and nearby Karnak. The temples were built on the east bank of the Nile to honor the great god Amun. Karnak is now regarded as the largest surviving religious complex in the world.


The city of Habu is the name of the temple, built by the pharaohs, in the southern part of the Taiba cemetery, west of Luxor. It was built in the place where the god Amun Ra appeared for the first time thousands of years ago.

The temple, built for the worship of the sun god, is still preserved in all its details. The temple built by King Ramesses III, the last great king of ancient Egypt, is preserved by its fortified gates, its great splendor, and a series of columns, The temple was used to worship the goddess Osiris, and was buried by some of the high priests, the preachers of the god Amun, next to the funeral structure, to the wives of Amun the sanctities, and the temple and its surrounding monuments were monumental, large enough, to be called the city.

The Temple of Habu is unique among Egyptian temples with its inscriptions, drawings and pictures engraved on its walls and columns to record the details of the 282 holidays known to ancient Egypt. Besides being a temple of funerary rituals, the temple was a temple for festivals.
Temples of Thebes to honor the great god Amun

According to the Egyptian researcher Ahmed Al-Badri, a researcher at the Luxor Center for Studies, Dialogue and Development, the sounds of music were cracked between the temples of the festival. Music was sacred art in the temples. The ancient Egyptians used hymns in the temple of Habu, accompanied by guitars. During the High Holidays, a whole orchestra of the temple priests performed musical performances, alongside girls who performed dance performances.

On all holidays, the temple of Habu was a theater for music and dance parties. It used drums, dances, finger-clapping and clapping with hands, shaking large hoops of beads to adjust the dancing rhythms, so that people would go to the temple.

According to the Egyptian archaeologist Ali Reza, the Temple of Habu has become a record of the details of the ancient Egyptian festivals, such as New Year's, bicentennial holidays, sabbatical, harvest and flood holidays, royal festivals such as the Feast of Jubilee, The great gods, which lasted for several weeks, represented a season for a great influx of pilgrims and fortune-tellers, among them the feast of Boupasta, the feast of the Opates, the feast of Horus, the Syes and Abidus processions, and the Valley Day, The rituals of this funerals are held.


And the feast «Love St», a feast was held on the occasion of the 30 years of the existence of the king in power, and then turned to a symbolic day, which is held every year, every two years, after it was held every thirty years, and was included, according to the Egyptian anthem Dr. Mona Fathy, Or a dance of "Love Six" wearing his official uniform, and carrying all his royal slogans, a dance that needs strength and speed of movement, in which the king emphasizes his strength, his ability to rule the country, sit on the throne for a new period again, The festival of the beginning of the year, and was witnessing noisy processions, in which the King participates citizens of his kingdom in celebration of the beginning of a new year.

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