The west bank at Luxor is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. It is much more than what we refer to as the Valley of the Kings, though many have called the whole of the area by that name.


The Valley of the Kings, also known as the Biban Valley of Kings, is a wadi in Egypt that was used for 500 years between the 16th and 11th centuries BC for the construction of tombs for the Pharaohs and the nobles of the modern state extending during the eighteenth and twentieth centuries in ancient Egypt. The valley on the west bank of the Nile in the face of the good (Luxor currently) in the heart of the ancient funerary city of Taiba. The Valley of the Kings is divided into two valleys; the Eastern Valley (where most of the royal tombs are located) and the Western Valley.


The discovery of the last burial chamber in 2006, known as Cemetery 63, and the discovery of two other entrances to the same room in 2008, the number of tombs discovered so far has reached 63 cemeteries of varying sizes ranging from a small hole in the ground to a complex burial complex of more than 120 A burial chamber inside. All these tombs were used to bury the kings and princes of the modern state in ancient Egypt, as well as some nobles and those who had ties with the ruling family at the time. The royal tombs are characterized by drawings and inscriptions from ancient Egyptian mythology that illustrate the religious beliefs and the ecclesiastical ceremonies of the time. All the discovered tombs have been opened and looted in ancient times and yet they have proved a compelling proof of the power and prosperity of the kings of that time.

This area is the center of scout exploration for the study of archeology and Egyptology since the end of the eighteenth century, as it raises the graves of scholars interested in the expansion of such studies and archaeological excavations. The valley was famous in the modern era after the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun and the surrounding rumors about the curse of the pharaohs. The valley remained famous for archeological excavations scattered throughout it until it was adopted as a site of the World Heritage in 1979 in addition to the entire funerary city of Tiba. Exploration, excavation and restoration are underway in the Valley of the Kings to date, and a tourist center has recently been opened there.

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