UNICEF trucks, which are carrying water and emergency sanitary kits for thousands of rohingya children, are headed to Cox's Bazaar, Bangladesh's largest city, where one of the world's longest sandy beaches is located around 150km south of Chittagong, the largest port in the country and the second largest city in Bangladesh, with 6,500,000 inhabitants. A humanitarian convoy is underway that will continue in the next few days and weeks. Since August 25, more than 400,000 Rohingya - an ethnic group of Islamic religion - have fled Myanmar to go to Bangladesh, and thousands are coming every day. According to the first estimates, about 60% of them are children. The large number of refugees have put pressure on pre-existing refugee camps, with new arrivals seeking shelter wherever they find space.
The origins of Rohingya. The Rohingya speak a language, bearing the name of the same ethnic group, of Indo-European origin, of the branch of Indo-speaking languages, far away from the Bengali language. Their origin is subject to dispute by scholars. On the one hand, some feel they are indigenous to the state of Rakhine, located in the western part of Burma, while others are more likely to believe that they are Muslim immigrants who originally lived in Bangladesh and would later moved to Burma during the period of British rule. The Rohingya are, however, linguistically linked to the Indo-Aryan Indians of India and Bangladesh, as opposed to the Sino-Tibetan languages of Burma.
The most serious emergencies to deal with. "There is a serious shortage of everything, especially shelter, food and clean water," says Edouard Beigbeder, UNICEF representative in Bangladesh. "The on-site condition puts children in serious danger of contracting water-related illnesses. We have a great task in front of us: to protect these extremely vulnerable children. "Aids include: jugs and water cans, powder detergent, soap, but also diapers, absorbents, towels and sandals. UNICEF is also supporting the Department of Public Health Engineering with water treatment plants and containers, and is working with field partners to install and heal tubular wells. "These aids are part of a first wave of assets that
will greatly expand UNICEF's emergency response to meet the growing number of rohingya children in Bangladesh, "Beigbeder said. UNICEF calls for $ 7.3 million to provide emergency support to rohingya children over the next four months.