Brazil has a big problem with yellow fever and anti-vaccines

Brazil has a big problem with yellow fever and anti-vaccines
    Brazil has a big problem with yellow fever and anti-vaccines
    Brazil has a big problem with yellow fever and anti-vaccines, An epidemic is underway, the government has organized a major prevention campaign, but groups are growing that invite people to do nothing

    An epidemic of yellow fever, a tropical disease that can cause death, has been ongoing for months in Brazil. The government has launched a vast campaign of mass prevention, information and vaccination, but a parallel campaign increasingly widespread on Facebook and WhatsApp is trying to counter: through the publication of hoaxes on the fatal reactions caused by yellow fever vaccines.

    Between 2015 and 2016 in Brazil the Zika virus was identified, a virus transmitted by a mosquito (Aedes aegypti) in many ways similar to yellow fever: the epidemic had begun in April 2015, had led to thousands of new cases in the south and central America and according to some had directly caused serious birth defects in thousands of children. The yellow fever epidemic began at the end of 2016. The number of cases has dropped during the winter months, when mosquitoes are less common, but has increased at an alarming rate since September 2017 and early this year especially in the south-east of the country. Several cases have been reported not only in the countryside areas, but close to the three largest metropolitan areas of the country: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte. In recent weeks, the number of confirmed cases has tripled.
    Brazil has a big problem with yellow fever and anti-vaccines

    Yellow fever is transmitted through the bite of Aedes mosquitoes. Infection causes various forms of illness and can cause death. It is called "yellow" fever because of the jaundice that affects some patients, that is the yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes due to the excessive increase of bilirubin levels in the blood. The first symptoms of the disease usually appear 3-6 days after infection. There is no specific treatment for yellow fever, but vaccination is highly recommended as a preventive measure. After overcoming the infection or the illness, the affected person acquires immunity that lasts for life.

    In recent months, the Government of Brazil has intensified its vaccination and prevention activities. At the beginning of January, to reduce the risk of epidemic expansion, the Ministry of Health announced a series of mass vaccination campaigns that provide for the administration of standard doses and partial doses of vaccine, to cover with supplies available to as many people as possible. The World Health Organization, in a recent update on Brazil, said that the decision of the Brazilian authorities to conduct a mass vaccination campaign against yellow fever could "limit the transmission" of the disease, even though it is causing logistical problems . The increase in cases and preventive campaigns have in fact led to an often chaotic vaccination race, with people camping at night and standing in line in front of the places where the vaccines are administered.

    If prevention is getting good results, a vast campaign against vaccines fueled by social networks is also expanding: "We are witnessing the spreading of alarming news about yellow fever at an alarming rate," he told the Washington Post Igor Sacramento, a researcher in one of the largest scientific institutes in Brazil. A post shared 300,000 times on Facebook claimed that a teenage girl had died because of the side effects of the vaccine she had received. But the report was false: the officials of the city where the young woman lived confirmed her death, which occurred however for bacterial pneumonia.

    A Facebook account that refers to a Christian organization has then released a video, displayed 4.5 million times, in which we see a woman in tears explaining her son's alleged allergic and almost fatal reaction to the yellow fever vaccine "We need to understand if all these people are dying because they have had yellow fever, or if the cause is not a reaction to the vaccine," says the woman. The text that accompanies his message says that "the vaccines kill", and that the greatest enemy is the state. Several audio messages have also circulated on WhatsApp: in one of these you hear an unidentified woman who claims to be a doctor to say that the yellow fever vaccine is dangerous. Another message claims that drinking a certain mixture of fruit and vegetables every day immunizes people from yellow fever. "The vaccine is not sure. Share this recipe so that more people can be made immune to yellow fever. "
    Wael Elyamani
    @Posted by
    writer and blogger, founder of CTV Egypt News .

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