Israeli army reveals secret documents to visit Sadat for Jerusalem
JERUSALEM - The Israeli Defense Ministry on Sunday published a number of secret documents on President Sadat's visit to Jerusalem in 1977, Russian media reported.

The documents, which were declassified by Israel today, said that Sadat's visit to the Israeli Knesset caused a split among army commanders.

The newspaper "Haaretz" Israeli documents that were released are minutes of meetings of Israeli army leaders.

The documents said that there were sharp differences between the general staff of the Israeli army about the seriousness of the intentions of President Sadat and the Palestinian issue, which Sadat put on the table.

On November 20, 1977, President Sadat delivered a historic speech to the Israeli Knesset in which he spoke of his decision to go to "the enemy's land while the war is still going on." He also wanted to destroy hostility and suspicion between the Israelis and the Egyptians.

The documents revealed that two days later, not all Israeli army leaders were optimistic about prospects for peace with Egypt. Just four years after the 1973 war, army generals, who took part in the war, were skeptical about Sadat's intentions.

Chief of Staff Mordecai Gore took a cautious stance, saying he had been instructed by the Defense Department to prepare emergency supplies for the war. "My first question is, can we know what Sadat really wants to achieve?" The head of the Israeli army's southern command, Herzl Shafir, said: "The answer is no."

On the other hand, General Avidgor Ben-Gal showed greater understanding of the historic visit, which eventually paved the way for a peace treaty between the two countries.

"President Sadat's visit to the Land of Israel and speaking to the Knesset is a historic event," he said, adding that "it is not a propaganda move, but a sincere and genuine step regarding the complicated political personality of the Egyptian president."

Ben-Gal described the speeches in the Knesset as a "dialogue for the deaf", accusing the Israeli government of showing "lack of understanding and flexibility and not understanding the great opportunity offered by Sadat's visit to Israel."

General Shlomo Gazit, head of military intelligence, also agreed, expressing his rejection of the Knesset speech made by then Prime Minister Menachem Begin, which he considered more dangerous than Sadat.

Deputy Chief of Staff Rafael Eitan expressed his optimism. "I think that the different positions shown by both sides are normal and that these negotiations are unusual," he said. "The visit is an achievement because it is direct negotiations for the first time."

Eitan also said that the visit of the Egyptian leader could be a precedent for other Arab leaders, adding that perhaps other Arab leaders might come to Israel.

"We have direct and public negotiations for the first time in history, let us work in this way and we will see what will result. If Arab kings and rulers have brains, they will be sent here once a month, and here they will stop working, so they will earn a lot of profits. "

The issue of the Palestinians was also raised with Sadat's demand that Israel withdraw from the occupied territories, including East Jerusalem, and establish a Palestinian state.

"I recognize that there is a Palestinian issue and history will prove that in the end. The Palestinian pretext must be given to a state. We can postpone this with one or the other. But there is a national movement that is active and based, not ultimately on politicians. Sincere desire of the Arabs to reach an independent state. " "There must be a solution to the Palestinian problem," Gazit said.

The Chief of Staff, Gore, spoke of previous meetings of the Chief of Staff with Golda Meir, Prime Minister and Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, in which he stated that "the Palestinian problem can not be ignored."

"Even killing Palestinians requires recognition that they exist, it does not matter what they think should be done with them, whether they should be granted a state or not, first of all, need to recognize their existence," General Yuri Simchoni admitted. .

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